Find out the height, location and other awesome facts about the planet’s living skyscrapers.
With a height that reaches over 120 meters (290 ft), the coast-douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) is another gigantic evergreen. “Doerner Fir,” the tallest living specimen, stands at 99 meters (327 ft) tall in Coos County, Oregon. Douglas-fir is a straight-trunked tree with a spire-like crown, gray to reddish brown bark and yellowish green needles. It produces more timber than any other tree in North America.
Picea sitchensis, the sitka spruce, grow best in areas where there’s moist ocean air and summer fog. They can primarily be found along the narrow strip of the Pacific Northwest coastal fog-belt from southeastern Alaska to northern California. They can grow up to 100 meters (328 ft) tall and may live up to 700 years old. The light, soft, strong and flexible wood of the sitka spruce made it suitable for use in general construction, ship building and plywood. It is also widely used in making piano, harp, guitar and violin due to its excellent acoustic properties.
General Sherman photo credit
Tasmanian Blue Gum
Did you know that the principal source of eucalyptus oil is one of the tallest trees? The Tasmanian blue gum (Eucalyptus globules) is the most widely grown eucalypt worldwide due to its rapid growth and adaptability to a wide variety of site conditions. Its leaves, which are used to extract oil, have therapeutic, perfumery, flavoring, antimicrobial and biopesticide properties. They are native to Australia where they typically grow up to 55 meters (180 ft) tall.
The manna gum (Eucalyptus viminalis) is a fast growing tree that often grows up to 40 meters tall. Its tallest living specimen stands at 89 meters (292 ft) at the Evercreech Forest Reserve of Tasmania, Australia. Its trunk is smooth and straight with a milky white or cream color. The leaves are the Koala’s favorite food.
The world’s eighth tallest living tree, the yellow meranti, can be found in the Tawau Hills National Park in Sabah on the island of Borneo. It was measured to be 88 meters tall. This flowering tree is native to Southeast Asia where it is used to make boxes and crates, furniture, flooring, light carpentry and veneer. The yellow meranti (Shorea faguetiana), commonly called lauan, is an endangered species.
This cream-, yellow- or grey-trunked tree can grow to over 90 meters tall. The tallest known specimen is in Tasmania, Australia and is 87 meters tall. The leaves are glossy green to blue-green that turns orange, pink or red which makes the alpine ash (Eucalyptus delegatensis) a good ornamental plant.