Many of the most beautiful mountains in the world are volcanoes. A few of them are vying for the title "Most Perfectly Coned." Here are eight of the most widely known cone-shaped volcanoes around the world.
Osorno Volcano (Chile)
Volcan Osorno is one of the most active volcanoes in the Chilean Andes. This stratovolcano is located in the Los Lagos Region of Chile with an elevation of 2,652 m (8,701 ft). Osorno is sitting on top of La Picada, a 250,000-year-old eroded stratovolcano with a 6-km-wide caldera.
Mount Taranaki (New Zealand)
One of the world’s highest active volcano is Cotopaxi, which stands at 5,897 m (19,347 ft) high in the Andes Mountains south of Quito, Ecuador. Cotopaxi is a stratovolcano that is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire. The name cotopaxi means “smooth neck of the moon.”
Arenal Volcano (Costa Rica)
Located northwest of Costa Rica, Volcan Arenal is an active andeistic stratovolcano that rises at a height of 1,656 m (5,436 ft). It was presumed extinct until July 1968 when an earthquake caused it to erupt after more than 400 years of being dormant. Arenal’s eruptions are considered strombolian or frequent but moderately active making it a popular tourist destination especially at night. The word arenal means “sandy.”
Mount Shishaldin (Alaska)
Rising at 2,856 m (9,373 ft) in the Aleutian Islands chain of Alaska is Mount Shishaldin, the third largest island-based volcano in North America. It is moderately active and considered as the planet's most symmetrical cone-shaped glacier-clad large mountain. The Aleut's called it Sisquk, meaning "mountain which points the way when I am lost." Shishaldin’s most recent eruptions were in 1995-96 and 1999.
Mount Fuji (Japan)
Mount Fuji or Fuji-san as the Japanese calls it is a stratovolcano that last erupted in 1707-08. The 3,775 m (12,388 ft) high volcano is located west of Tokyo. Japan’s two major religions, Shinto and Buddhism, regards Fuji as sacred. The name Fuji means “deity of fire”; a more recent interpretation means “never die.”
Mayon Volcano (Philippines)
Standing at an an elevation of 2,463 m (8,081 ft), Mayon Volcano is an active stratovolcano located in Bicol, Albay, Philippines. It is the most active volcano in the country, having erupted more than 50 times in the past 40 years. Magayon, which means "beautiful," is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and is renowned as having the world’s most perfect cone due to its almost perfectly conical shape.